Himalayan balsam flowers are pink, with a hooded shape, 3-4 cm tall and 2 cm broad; the flower shape has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. Himalayan balsam has become unpopular because it spreads very quickly along watercourses and pushes out the native perennial vegetation. Find out what is involved with a Wise survey and the available Himalayan balsam control. While it comes from Asia, it has spread into other habitats, where it pushes out native plants and can wreak serious havoc on the environment. Himalayan Balsam seed. Smaller infestations can be easily controlled by hand-pulling, as the root of Himalayan balsam is very shallow. Himalayan Balsam is a tasty plant commonly eaten as curry in its native Northern India. Impatiens macrochila Lindl. Himalayan Balsam is a good nectar source, and because it flowers late, it is widely loved by beekeepers. Not so fast says I and look what happens when winter comes: Origins. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. The pulling technique must be undertaken so that whole plant is uprooted and normally best done if pulled from low down the plant - If snapping occurs at a node the pulling must be completed to include the roots. Although Himalayan balsam is an attractive plant, it has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Himalayan balsam produces dense stands, creating monocultures and reducing biodiversity by limiting nutrient and habitat availability and shading out native plants. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. Sault Ste. What is Himalayan Balsam? Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. Introduced as a garden ornamental in the mid-19th century, it now successfully competes… instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. This will kill off any viable materials before disposal. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. It was introduced to the UK in 1839 and is now a … Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. We would recommend you also look elsewhere for further information, possibly not covered on these pages. A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a lovely sight. [email protected], Himalayan balsam closely resembles native jewelweed (, AM Nagy, H Korpelainen – Plant Ecology & Diversity, 2015 – Taylor & Francis. However, growing this plant should be avoided, as it spreads rapidly and will quickly overtake native species and reduce biodiversity. The plant produces a large amount of nectar which may result in less pollination of native species by bumblebees and a subsequent loss of biodiversity. By foraging for this free food you can help your budget and the environment. Access to the sides of riverbanks can be difficult and inaccessible stands can quickly recolonise accessible cleared areas, so vigilance is needed if an area is to be effectively cleared. However, it is such a good source of nectar that often bees will visit Himalayan Balsam in preference to native plants. Himalayan balsam creates dense and tall stands that prevent native plants from establishing and reduce biodiversity. Alternatively, you can contact the team using our contact form. This plant is a prolific nectar producer and produces about 800 seeds per plant. Himalayan balsam flowers may be white, light pink, dark pink, purple, or multicoloured. When seed capsules mature and dry, they will explode when touched, shooting seeds in all directions! I’m from a big family so expensive trips to theme parks and holidays abroad were off the cards for us. Himalayan balsam Himalayan Balsam control along the River Seph. The flowers have a hooded shape and look similar to a policeman’s helmet. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is a very attractive but problematic plant, especially in the British Isles. 2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone or "lawsone methyl ether" [an anti-inflammatory, fungicidal agent] The crushed foliage has a strong musty smell. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. The explosion of the Himalayan balsam’s fruit capsule can fire seeds up to seven metres. It is a non-native, highly invasive weed that damages the habitats it finds itself in by crowding out our native species. It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is known to many people as an attractive plant with a familiar sweet scent, and a reputation for being a good nectar source for bees. Cutting the plants down to ground level can stall their progress, but by sure to plan your attack for the end of June; too late and you risk spreading the seeds, too early and you risk precipitating a regrowth of new stems. Impatiens roylei Walp. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an invasive terrestrial plant species that was first introduced as an ornamental garden plant and is spread exclusively by seed.Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Ireland. Balsamina roylei Ser. The crushed foliage has a strong musty smell. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found all of provinces except Saskatchewan. Ok says you – may the best man win, it is very pretty and the bees love it. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. Below the leaf stems the plant has glands that produce a sticky, sweet-smelling, nectar. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways.It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Dependent on local climate, Himalayan balsam flowers between July and October. The following information below link to resources that have been created by external organizations. Via human introducti… Himalayan Balsam - Free food. As the seeds are not very robust and only last about 18 months, management can be completed in two years as long as proper disposal has occurred and all plants have been removed. Himalayan Balsam is for me the definitive smell of childhood summers. It is vehemently hated by some and actively persecuted by others. Cutting the plant below the lowest node can help stop regeneration. How to identify Himalayan Balsam. It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. However, if this species spreads to the wild or to a neighbour’s property then landowners/ Read about the problems this rapidly spreading invasive plant can cause. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Company registration number: SC1681538 Muriel Street, Barrhead, Glasgow G78 1QB. It can be identified by a pink, slipper-shaped flower which has a sickly sweet smell. Balsamina macrochila Ser. If you think you have spotted Himalayan Balsam on your land, and want to know what to do next, call the experts at Wise Knotweed Solutions on 0808 231 9218 or find your local branch. Himalayan Balsam, spoiling aesthetics and reducing the diversity of wildlife along the river. However, most people would not be able to identify it despite its unique characteristics and smell. Impatiens glandulifera, mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam, is one of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants in the UK. The more seeds we eat, the fewer seeds there will remain to spread this plant. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. Commonly found along riverbanks and streams, around ponds and lakes, in wet woodlands and in ditches and damp meadows. P6A 2E5 Himalayan balsam typically grows to 1-3 m in height, with a soft green or red-tinged stem, and toothed leaves 5-23 cm long. It can grow one meter per month reaching a final height of three meters. Plants can grow up to 3m tall, making this the tallest annual species growing wild in the UK. Unlike Japanese Knotweed, Himalayan Balsam propagates via seeds, which will explode upon touch when ready. Click here for the latest Himalayan Balsam information leaflet. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the flowers are pollinated by insects. Himalayan balsam closely resembles native jewelweed, another type of ‘touch-me-not’ plant. Thank you...one of our team members will be in touch. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. This annual species can aggressively replace native perennial plants along riverbanks, leading to soil erosion. Himalayan balsam is an annual, so the big problem is the seeds, not the plant itself. “A n unpleasant rank smell from mucus glands,” says one website; ... Other sources say Himalayan balsam was introduced from the western Himalayas … Leaves: This plant has long, toothed leaves 5-23 cm long. Impact Native Habitats: Himalayan Balsam can rapidly out-compete native plants due to its ability to rapidly reproduce and grow in dense stands. Instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser and holidays abroad were off the cards for us out. 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