Biography of. ), bio je američki književnik i novinar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The book’s highly critical view of the American legal system also made him the adopted champion of social reformers. Wöchentlich bringen wir neue Porträts, publizieren redaktionell überarbeitete Texte und aktualisieren darüberhinaus Hunderte von Biographien. In 1925 Dreiser’s first novel in a decade, An American Tragedy, based on a celebrated murder case, was published. His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism. Their road is long but, because of him, those who follow will never have to face the road through the wilderness of Puritan denial, the road that Dreiser faced alone. He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in 1892 and worked his way to the East Coast. In his tribute "Dreiser" from Horses and Men (1923), Sherwood Anderson writes (almost repeated 1916 article[25]): Heavy, heavy, the feet of Theodore. It became a beacon to subsequent American writers whose allegiance was to the realistic treatment of any and all subject matter. [16] While the novel sold well, it also was criticized for his portrayal of a man without morals who commits a sordid murder. The first two volumes of a projected trilogy of novels based on the life of the American transportation magnate Charles T. Yerkes, The Financier (1912) and The Titan (1914), followed. Theodore Dreiser. Biography: Theodore Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana on August 27, 1871. "he turned against his father's orthodox religion and became an atheist. He was the nineth of ten to surviving. The book has acquired a considerable reputation. There he set about marketing the film rights to his earlier works. He was born the ninth of ten children, and lived a rather harsh childhood with his family. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Theodore-Dreiser, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Theodore Dreiser, Pennsylvania Center for the Book - Biography of Theodore Dreiser, Theodore Dreiser - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In later life Dreiser would bitterly associate religion with his father’s ineffectuality and the family’s resulting material deprivation, but he always spoke and wrote of his mother with unswerving affection. "[28], Renowned mid-century literary critic Irving Howe spoke of Dreiser as ranking "among the American giants, the very few American giants we have had. It is composed of The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914), and The Stoic. A pioneer of naturalism in American literature, Dreiser wrote novels reflecting his mechanistic view of life, a concept that held humanity as the victim of such ungovernable forces as economics, biology, society, and even chance. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871, from parents Sarah Schanab and Johann Dreiser in Terre Haute, Indiana. He became involved in a variety of causes and slackened his literary production. All of us who write are better off because he lived, worked, and hoped. They but dimly represent the great surging feelings and desires which lie behind. [35], Cowie, Alexander, Alfred Kazin, and Charles Shapiro. He wrote several articles on writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Dean Howells, Israel Zangwill, and John Burroughs, and interviewed public figures such as Andrew Carnegie, Marshall Field, Thomas Edison, and Theodore Thomas. Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana to John Paul Dreiser and Sarah Maria (née Schanab). A naturalist with a committed social conscience (Dreiser was a socialist in a time when socialists were an established third party and had many … A visit to the Soviet Union in 1927 produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928). This disappointment and an accumulation of family and marital troubles sent Dreiser into a suicidal depression from which he was rescued in 1901 by his brother, Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, who arranged for Theodore’s treatment in a sanitarium. After graduating from high school in Warsaw, Indiana, Dreiser attended Indiana University in 1889–1890 without taking a degree. [10] Unknown to Maude, Henry sold a half-interest in the house to Dreiser to finance a move to New York without her. August 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana; † 28. He came to reconsider his opposition to communism and wrote the anticapitalist Tragic America (1931). Born August 27, 1871, Theodore Dreiser was the second youngest of a family of ten children. Mencken,[32] declared "that he is a great artist, and that no other American of his generation left so wide and handsome a mark upon the national letters. [18], Dreiser was a committed socialist and wrote several nonfiction books on political issues. He married Sara White in 1898, but his roving affections (and resulting infidelities) doomed their relationship. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Theodore Dreiser's Biography. Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town girl who comes to the big city filled with … His father, John Paul, had previously been a cotton mill manager, but a series of unfortunate accidents caused his fortunes to dwindle. It seemed to spring from the fact that almost every young person was possessed of an ingrown ambition to be somebody financially and socially. The last was published posthumously in 1947. [17], Politically, Dreiser was involved in several campaigns defending radicals whom he believed had been the victims of social injustice. Finding aid to Theodore Dreiser letters and manuscripts, 1897-1939, at Columbia University. Theodore Dreiser was one of the most influential American authors of his generation. Dreiser Hall, erected 1950 on the Indiana State University campus in Terre Haute, Indiana, houses the University's Communications Programs, Student Media (WISU), Sycamore Video and "The Sycamore" (annual yearbook), classroom and lecture space as well as a 255-seat proscenium theater. American author‚ outstanding representative of naturalism‚ whose novels depict real-life subjects in a harsh light. [6] Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. Theodore Dreiser's beginnings were not auspicious. Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living. Theodore Dreiser - Theodore Dreiser - Works: Dreiser’s first novel, Sister Carrie (1900), is a work of pivotal importance in American literature despite its inauspicious launching. Theodore Dreiser Biography Although Theodore Dreiser never received the Nobel Prize for literature, he is recognized today as a genuine American literary pioneer, and his massive An American Tragedy is acclaimed as one of the most important novels in American literature. [21][22], In 1919, Dreiser met his cousin Helen Patges Richardson (1894-1955) with whom he began an affair. Dreiser's first commercial success was An American Tragedy, published in 1925. [2] Dreiser's best known novels include Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy (1925). Dreiser holds an interesting footnote in history. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (/ˈdraɪsər, -zər/; August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. Theodore Dreiser was one of the great American writers, and a transitional figure between Victorian America and the "modern" age that was inaugurated after the cessation of hostilities after WWI and the publication of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street" in 1920. They are under the illusion that talking effects great results. [9] There Dreiser began work on his first novel, Sister Carrie, published in 1900. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Dreiser also wrote poetry. From 1892, when Dreiser began work as a newspaperman, he had begun, to observe a certain type of crime in the United States that proved very common. [5], Within several years, Dreiser was writing as a journalist for the Chicago Globe newspaper and then the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Dreiser had an enormous influence on the generation that followed his. In 1894 Dreiser arrived in New York City, where he worked for several newspapers and contributed to magazines. Huxley and John Tyndall and adopted the speculations of the philosopher Herbert Spencer. Theodore Dreiser is considered one of America's greatest naturalists, significant because he wrote at the early stages of the naturalist movement. One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. Dreiser joined the Communist Party USA in August 1945. The couple separated permanently in 1912. Dreiser claimed to have collected such stories every year between 1895 and 1935. In the middle and late ’30s his growing social consciousness and his interest in science converged to produce a vaguely mystical philosophy. Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. These included the lynching of Frank Little, one of the leaders of the Industrial Workers of the World, the Sacco and Vanzetti case, the deportation of Emma Goldman, and the conviction of the trade union leader Thomas Mooney. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (17.8. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency. Theodore Dreiser Biography. Among other themes, his novels explore the new … Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. [26], Alfred Kazin characterized Dreiser as "stronger than all the others of his time, and at the same time more poignant; greater than the world he has described, but as significant as the people in it,"[27] while Larzer Ziff (UC Berkeley) remarked that Dreiser "succeeded beyond any of his predecessors or successors in producing a great American business novel. 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