The state shall ensure the rational use of natural resources and protect rare animals and plants. Article 130 Except in special circumstances as prescribed by law, all cases in the people’s courts shall be tried in public. The development trend of China's advanced productive forces, The orientation of China's advanced culture, and. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law of the People's Republic of China. The sovereignty of the Republic of China is vested in the people as a whole. Article 103 The standing committees of local people’s congresses at and above the county level shall be composed of a chairperson, vice chairpersons and members; they shall be responsible to the people’s congresses at their respective levels and shall report to them on their work. The state shall practice a socialist market economy. Leadership by the Communist Party of China is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the future, it will play an even more important role in the country’s political and social life and its friendly foreign activities, in socialist modernization and in safeguarding the unity and solidarity of the country. China consistently opposes imperialism, hegemonism and colonialism, works to strengthen its solidarity with the people of all other countries, supports oppressed peoples and other developing countries in their just struggles to win and safeguard their independence and develop their economies, and strives to safeguard world peace and promote the cause of human progress. Sabotage of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. The Chinese people thus secured power and became masters of their own country. No organization or individual shall unlawfully transfer land through seizure, sale and purchase, or in any other form. When the state is exploiting resources or establishing enterprises in an ethnic autonomous area, it should be attentive to the interests of that area. Article 84 In the event that the office of president of the People’s Republic of China becomes vacant the vice president shall succeed to the office of president. Article 54 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the obligation to safeguard the security, honor and interests of the motherland; they must not behave in any way that endangers the motherland’s security, honor or interests. they discriminate against citizens who believe in or do not believe in any religion. Ministries and commissions shall, in accordance with the law and the administrative regulations, decisions and orders of the State Council, issue orders and directives and promulgate regulations within the scope of their authority. The state shall, in accordance with the provisions of law. Local people’s governments at and above the county level shall establish audit offices. Sabotage of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. In performing their duties, autonomous organs of ethnic autonomous areas shall, in accordance with the autonomous regulations of that ethnic autonomous area, use the spoken and written language or languages commonly used in that area. Deputies to the National People’s Congress and members of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee shall have the power, in accordance with procedures prescribed by law, to submit proposals within the scope of the respective functions and powers of the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The state shall, in accordance with law, prohibit disruption of the socioeconomic order by any organization or individual. The right to strike was also dropped from the 1982 Constitution. The Supreme People’s Procuratorate shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. General Principles Article 1. Article 1 (Form of State) The Republic of China, founded on the Three Principles of the People, shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people. This united front will continue to be consolidated and developed. The Supreme People’s Procuratorate shall direct the work of local people’s procuratorates at all levels and of special people’s procuratorates; people’s procuratorates at higher levels shall direct the work of those at lower levels. It is prohibited for any organization or individual to seize or damage state or collective property by any means. All state organs and armed forces, all political parties and social organizations, and all enterprises and public institutions must abide by the Constitution and the law. The state shall promote socialist cultural-ethical. The paths of constitutional development in China", "Constitutional Review in China: An Unaccomplished Project or a Mirage? China (People’s Republic of) 1982 (rev. CHAPTER I: GENERAL PRINCIPLES Article 1: The People’s Republic of China is a socialist State under the people’s democratic It is prohibited for any organization or individual to damage the socialist system. The 1982 Constitution reflects Deng Xiaoping's determination to lay a lasting institutional foundation for domestic stability and modernization. The State Council and its Standing Committee, by contrast, are made responsible for executing rather than enacting the laws. Article 62 The National People’s Congress shall exercise the following functions and powers: (2) overseeing the enforcement of the Constitution; (3) enacting and amending criminal, civil, state institutional and other basic laws; (4) electing the president and the vice president of the People’s Republic of China; (5) deciding, based on nomination by the president of the People’s Republic of China, on the successful candidate for the premier of the State Council; deciding, based on nominations by the premier of the State Council, on the successful candidates for vice premiers, state councilors, ministers of ministries, ministers of commissions, the auditor general and the secretary general of the State Council; (6) electing the chairperson of the Central Military Commission and deciding, based on nominations by the chairperson of the Central Military Commission, on the successful candidates for other members of the Central Military Commission; (7) electing the chairperson of the National Commission of Supervision; (8) electing the president of the Supreme People’s Court; (9) electing the procurator general of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate; (10) reviewing and approving the plan for national economic and social development and the report on its implementation; (11) reviewing and approving the state budget and the report on its implementation; (12) changing or revoking inappropriate decisions of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee; (13) approving the establishment of provinces, autonomous regions and cities directly under central government jurisdiction; (14) deciding on the establishment of special administrative regions and the systems to be instituted there; (15) deciding on issues concerning war and peace; and. Deputies to the National People’s Congress shall be subject to the oversight of the organizations that elected them. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state, have the right to file with relevant state, complaints, charges or reports against any state, or state employee for violations of the law or dereliction of duty, but they shall not fabricate or distort facts, concerned must ascertain the facts concerning the complaints, charges or reports made by citizens and take responsibility for their handling. Specifically, the new Constitution de-emphasizes class struggle and places top priority on development and on incorporating the contributions and interests of non-party groups that can play a central role in modernization. country must take the Constitution as the basic standard of conduct and have the duty to uphold the dignity of the Constitution and to ensure its implementation. 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