Arnold lost most of his siblings to yellow fever, calamitous events that triggered alcoholism in his father. He often felt he did not receive the recognition he deserved and by the end of the year, he had threatened to resign from the Continental Army. On 12 July, he wrote again, making explicit the offer to surrender West Point, although his price rose to £20,000[a] (in addition to indemnification for his losses), with a £1,000[a] down payment to be delivered with the response. Over the following years, he repeatedly attempted to gain positions with the British East India Company and the British military, but was unable to find a place for himself. [34], The Second Continental Congress authorized an invasion of Quebec, in part on the urging of Arnold—but he was passed over for command of the expedition. In January 1801, Benedict Arnold's health began to decline. Arnold died of DROPSY in London, England on June 14, 1801. Arnold's name quickly became a byword in the United States for treason and betrayal because he led the British army in battle against the very men whom he had once commanded.[3]. Between this and his father’s soon addiction to alcohol, their family went into debt. Their friendship became the foundation for the treason for which Peggy’s husband, Benedict Arnold, became infamous. While commanding in Philadelphia, Arnold met and married Peggy Shippen, 20 years his junior, the daughter of a Loyalist sympathizer. Clinton was uninterested in most of his aggressive ideas, but finally authorized him to raid the port of New London, Connecticut. From psychological wounds received in his Connecticut childhood when his alcoholic father squandered the family's fortunes? Arnold gained access to even more sensitive information when he assumed command of West Point in August 1780. Arnold escaped and André was hanged. The British promised £20,000[a] for the capture of West Point, a major American stronghold; Washington greatly admired Arnold and gave him command of that fort in July 1780. "[33], Arnold began the war as a captain in the Connecticut militia, a position to which he was elected in March 1775. He joined the growing army outside Boston and distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery. AMERICAN HERITAGE presents in this issue two segments of Benedict Arnold's complex story. [12], Arnold was very close to his mother, who died in 1759. [85] When he reached Connecticut, Arnold arranged to sell his home there and began transferring assets to London through intermediaries in New York. [90], Once Arnold established himself at West Point, he began systematically weakening its defenses and military strength. Not in actuality, of course; Arnold has been dead and buried in England for, lo, these past 200 years. Two years later, he assumed responsibility for his father and sister following his mother’s death of yellow fever. He engaged in a variety of business deals designed to profit from war-related supply movements and benefiting from the protection of his authority. [87], Benedict Arnold next wrote a series of letters to Clinton, even before he might have expected a response to the 7 July letter. also and share with your friends. Arnold wrote out passes for André so that he would be able to pass through the lines, and he also gave him plans for West Point. He died after four days of deliriumon 14 June 1801, at the age of 60. In 1764, he formed a partnership with Adam Babcock, another young New Haven merchant. Margaret "Peggy" Shippen (July 11, 1760 – August 24, 1804) was the highest-paid spy in the American Revolution, and was the second wife of General Benedict Arnold.. Shippen was born into a prominent Philadelphia family with Loyalist tendencies. Benedict Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut, on January 14, 1741. His action at Ridgefield, coupled with the death of Wooster due to wounds sustained in the action, resulted in his promotion to major general, although his seniority was not restored over those who had been promoted before him. [126], In January 1801, Benedict Arnold's health began to decline. [26] On the night of 28 January 1767, he and members of his crew roughed up a man suspected of attempting to inform authorities of Arnold's smuggling. Stansbury's testimony before a British commission erroneously placed his meeting with Arnold in June. Needed repairs were never ordered on the chain across the Hudson. Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army, commanding the American Legion in the later part of the conflict. While en route to West Point, Arnold renewed an acquaintance with Joshua Hett Smith, who had spied for both sides and who owned a house near the western bank of the Hudson about 15 miles south of West Point. However, the deaths of his siblings two years later may have contributed to a decline in the family fortunes, since his father took up drinking. He was acquitted of most charges and received a mild reprimand from General Washington. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! He grew up in a household for 6. Benedict Arnold: Benedict Arnold grew up comfortably in Norwich, Connecticut during the 1740s and early 1750s. I was here at the ship docks seeing my face drawn on the wall. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. A Benedict Arnold is a traitor, someone who has been revered or been elevated to a place of trust and has betrayed that trust. Now, however, everyone does. The couple had three sons over the following five years. [69], Early in May 1779, Arnold met with Philadelphia merchant Joseph Stansbury[70] who then "went secretly to New York with a tender of [Arnold's] services to Sir Henry Clinton". On 9 May, Franklin introduced Stansbury to Major André, who had just been named the British spy chief. Because of the constant agony of two battlefield wounds in an already gout-ridden leg? She was a close friend of British Major John André and kept in contact with him when he became head of the British espionage system in New York. Though he fought heroically in conflicts, including the Battle of Lake Champlain in 1776 and Battle of Saratoga in October 1777, he made many enemies including some of his superior officers. On 13 August, Schuyler dispatched him with a force of 900 to relieve the siege of Fort Stanwix, where he succeeded in a ruse to lift the siege. 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