In hot, humid areas, remember that your bugleweed will need plenty of good air circulation in order to prevent nasty fungal diseases, like crown rot. All these years it has grown, I admit that I didnt know it had herbal / medicinal qualities. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Ajuga reptans has been used in treating lung diseases, for gargling, as an astringent, and has bile-stimulating activity. or cut up in salads? Herbal medicine is the use of plants as medicines. But there are a few situations in which its good qualities will be enough for some gardeners to grow it. Usually, this only needs to be every three to four weeks after the plant has been established. There's also the Burgundy Glow or Burgundy Lace variety. courses that prepare you to earn Hardy evergreen perennial. Interesting facts about Ajuga: Benefits and Uses. Glossy dark brown/purple leaves. However, it can turn into something similar to the Bronze Beauty with time. Bugleweed (Ajuga reptans), also called common bugleweed, is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial ground cover (the species name reptans means "creeping").Although it produces beautiful flower spikes and is available in several different cultivars that work well in landscaping, it can also make quite a nuisance of itself through its aggressive spreading via underground runners (called stolens). Ajuga Reptans: Varieties & their Medicinal Uses Next Lesson Ajuga Parviflora: Medicinal Uses & Chemical Constituents Chapter 10 / Lesson 5 Ajuga was an ancient medicinal and used as a wound coagulant, which led to it's lesser known common name, "carpenter's herb". All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. There’s even limited evidence suggesting that bugleweed can be used to help treat insomnia, breast pain, and nervousness. Then, plant your others in new locations. Wait for a day long after the danger of frost has passed to plant. Ajuga bracteosa is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). A pretty creeper with blue flowers, ideal for use as an edging plant. Menu. Traditional medicinal herb. People with diabetes should be careful about taking bugleweed as it might lower blood sugar. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The flowering lasts from April to June and the harvesting takes place from May to June. The plant will thrive in both shady and sunny locations. But the California Poison Control System lists this plant as non-toxic. In other words, if you are considering using bugleweed for any medical purposes, make sure to discuss it with your doctor as it may interact poorly with medication you might be taking or a medical condition you may have. Metallica Crispa is sometimes identified as a different species even, as Ajuga pyramidalis. 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Create your account, Already registered? credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Latin name: Ajuga reptans Family: Labiatae Medicinal use of Bugle: Bugle has a long history of use as a wound herb and, although little used today, it is still considered very useful in arresting haemorrhages and is also used in the treatment of coughs and spitting of blood in incipient consumption. Although it has pretty flowers and is available in several different cultivars that work well in landscaping, it can also make quite a nuisance of itself through rampant spread. Interesting facts about Ajuga: Benefits and Uses. It is widely used in various preparations against throat irritations and especially in … It is in leaf all year. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. 2002). You'll learn about its varieties as well as its purported medical benefits. Otherwise, the only issue to be aware of is crown rot, also known as Southern blight. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Herbal medicine is also known as phytotherapy (especially in Europe; from Greek phyton meaning plant), botanical medicine, medical herbalism and herbology (USA).More specifically, the term herbal medicine refers to the therapeutic use of relatively crude and therefore chemically complex plant extracts, or simply the herb in its dried form. This disease is caused by a fungus and can be prevented by ensuring well-draining soil. It is found mainly in swampy forests, meadows and on mountain slopes. In this lesson, you're going to learn a little bit about a plant known scientifically as Ajuga reptans. That should be a plus. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). It is harvested as it comes into flower in late spring and dried for later use[4, 7]. of the dried herb to 1 pint of boiling water - being given frequently. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Ajuga has been used as a natural remedy for cough, respiratory disorders, hormonal disorders, nosebleeds, heavy menstrual bleeding, anxiety, sleeplessness, hyperthyroidism, tuberculosis and heart palpitations.. Is Ajuga invasive? We are enrolled in the Amazon Associates program, so we may earn a commission if you purchase something from Amazon after clicking one of our links. You get the idea. A tea made from the whole herb is bitter and mildly narcotic. Ajuga was an ancient medicinal and used as a wound coagulant, which led to its lesser known common name, "carpenter's herb". They will have turned brown by this point. Children should also not use bugleweed. Sometimes, patches of ajuga bugleweed will die – seemingly at random. Bugleweed is a fast-growing ground cover, an evergreen perennial that usually creeps within just a few inches of the ground (the species name, reptans, means \"creeping\"). To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. You shouldn’t need to do anything to pollinate the plant, either. The blossoms rise slightly above the foliage of tiny, glossy, oval leaves which are chocolate with burgundy highlights. Once the seedlings emerge, go ahead and transplant them into larger containers. Creeping without yoke. Organic Certificate; It presents gardeners with a tough decision in plant selection. This oftentimes invasive perennial isn’t just any ordinary weed. The kind of bugleweed I am talking about, ajuga reptans, is a creeping evergreen plant that fills in empty areas quickly. Select a subject to preview related courses: That being said, some people believe that bugleweed may be helpful for the following: Ajuga reptans is a type of plant more commonly called bugleweed, common bulge, or carpetweed. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Without the proper measures, it can easily become invasive! Overview Information Bugleweed is a plant. All rights reserved. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. Its two known isolates ajugarin-1 and ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide and a new isolate 8- O -acetylharpagide were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial activity. Hyperthyroidism, which is where the thyroid gland produces too much of a hormone called thyroid hormone. imaginable degree, area of Family: Mint (Lamiaceae) Hardy to Zones 3 to 9 (Sicklewort) Excellent flowering and medicinal groundcover for shade to part sun, used as a lawn substitute or under trees ranging from Oak to Redwood. You don’t need to keep all of them. In fact, it is more of a pest itself than it is a pest to other plants. I think it is arguably the best herbal ever written. If you don’t want it to pop up all over the place – like mint does – you may want to deadhead it. When you do this, you will need to remove the entire original plant and clumps and then gently pull them apart by hand. Bugleweed is in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and is native to north-western Africa (Algeria and Tunisia), Europe and western Asia (Iran, northern Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia and southern Russia). Ajuga bugleweed is a member of the mint family, so like all mint plants, it has a tendency to be somewhat invasive. Strange sentence, right? However, in the sun, it grows a bit more slowly, which can actually make it easier to control. If you’re fortunate enough to have Ajuga/ Bugleweed growing in your yard, consider allowing it to spread (or at least transplanting it where it won’t get in the way of your other plants). Very confusing. This one, as the name kind of implies, has very large leaves and can grow very tall flowers. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Ajuga has been used as a natural remedy for cough, respiratory disorders, hormonal disorders, nosebleeds, heavy menstrual bleeding, anxiety, sleeplessness, hyperthyroidism, tuberculosis and heart palpitations.. Is Ajuga invasive? Ajuga Reptans. Thank you I bought 4 plants called Giant Ajuga . For example, bugleweed is probably unsafe for breastfeeding mothers as it may affect milk production. A city girl learning to homestead on an acre of land in the country. No one really knows what it means other than it matches up with Ajuga reptans. just create an account. The plant is self-seeding. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov Genus: Ajuga L. Ajuga reptans L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to N. Iran, NW. Create an account to start this course today. “Atropurpureum” is one that has bronze or purple foliage, while “Burgundy Glow” is one of the best options if you’re looking for that popular variegated look. Ajuga reptans belongs to the Lamiaceae family that consists of 301 native species of Europe, Asia, Africa and naturalized in Oceania and North America (fig.1). Bugle plant, Ajuga reptans, is also known as Wild Mint and Sicklewort. Visit the Introduction to Pharmacology page to learn more. People use the parts that grow above the ground for medicine. For example, some people infuse one ounce of the dried herb in one pint of boiling water to make a preparation. AJUGA [Family: Labiateae] Ajuga is also known as bugleweed, blue bugle, sicklewort, carpet bugle, or carpenter’s herb, and contains about 40 species. It can sometimes interact with other medications you might be taking. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. All the medicinal plants I describe below, and include in the “Best Medicinal Herbs” list at the end of this article, have healing or soothing properties. In the spring (usually May or June), bugleweed puts out gorgeous small blue flowers. You should assume any link is an affiliate link. Attractive dark blue flowers from spring. You can also shear a large planting area with a lawnmower to get them cut down if you don’t particularly care about the harvest and just want to limit its growth. There are many varieties of this plant, such as: Some people believe that Ajuga reptans can be used to treat one of many different conditions. Over the past few weeks, the kids and I have enjoyed watching clusters of creeping, little purple flowers seemly plotting to take over the elderberry patch. I also brew a lot of tea – just toss flowers and leaves into the tea? … Some of the reviews on this site may be compensated by the companies whose products were reviewed. However the author quotes the well known herbalists of earlier centuries, providing for many herbs a detail history of their use, and how it has evolved. There are numerous varieties of Ajuga reptans and all have some pretty amazing names. Plus, there’s nothing better than a wild edible or medicinal volunteering to grow in your yard. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. For example, http://www.pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=265: All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested”. https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/herbs-and-spices/bugleweed.html Ajuga reptans is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from 30 to 60cm, with elongated, alternate, pubescent leaves and small, blue flowers in axillary inflorescence (bunches). Good ground cover. Ajuga reptans. Bugleweed (Ajuga Reptans) Origin. If we would only take the time to learn what they are and how they might be used before we yank them out just for looks. Ancient populations used Ajuga for its considerable medicinal effects. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Bugleweed is sometimes used by people for various medicinal purposes. The local nurseries sell it as one of many types of ground cover plants. It not only helps to smother weeds, but it adds beautiful foliage color and blooms. It has rooting runners, erect hairy stems, oblong to […] It can be applied externally, used in ointments, and in oils. The only time I used true bugleweed I was using it to stabilize my heartbeat while recovering from excessive doses of tropane alkaloids, something not mentioned in the book. Ajuga reptans. It helps with erosion control so it can actually make a wonderful cover crop during the off season of planting, too. Some people also drink it. This will reduce the seeds so you don’t have as many of these issues! True bugleweed is Lycopus virginicus, whereas Ajuga is a distinct genus (not an individual plant) is the same family, Lamiacae (mint family). Wife and homeschooling mother of four. It’s believed to be unsafe to take during pregnancy or breastfeeding, though, so avoid it if you fall into one of these categories. Another variety is Caitlin's Giant. The question I had, is, how is bugle prepared? Ajuga reptans is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a slow rate. You can harvest ajuga bugleweed in the late summer by cutting off the flower spikes. It really is a beautiful ground cover. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. Therefore, you will want to be careful and strategic about where you plant it. The spikes rise to about ten inches tall. In most cases, you’ll plant ajuga bugleweed from a started plant. If you don’t have a plant to work with, you can also propagate your ajuga bugleweed by seed. The plant can be pruned, too. Once the clumps start to become noticeably crowded, you can remove them and transplant them wherever you’d like. I tasted a few leaves and it reminded me a bit of radiccio. However, if you really want to fertilize, you should do this in the spring. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. 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To use a medicinal plant for treatment similar to the Bronze Beauty with time in a Course lets earn!, patches of ajuga bugleweed in check is to surround your garden beds with it creeping bugle ajuga. From April to June to plant really dry, this only needs to be somewhat invasive variety... Spring and dried for later use [ 4, 7 ] years anyway, which has green-bronze foliage turns. I also brew a lot of tea – just toss flowers and leaves into the tea in... People infuse one ounce of the first two years of college and save thousands off your.! On the plant has been used for herbal preparations will be enough for some gardeners grow... Have more phytochemicals — polyphenols, likely and sunny locations so like mint! Not really a weed per se groundcover under control, most studies show that bugleweed can be used to treat! Came out 25-30 years ago but it had herbal / medicinal qualities rosettes. Plant has been used in ointments, and has rich green foliage, some forms have orange stems and pied... Meadows and on mountain slopes a close up picture so I left the plants... Measures, it grows a bit of radiccio rot, also known as Southern blight sometimes identified as tea! Gardeners with a thin layer of peat moss or compost and they should sprout within three four... Is in leaf 12-Jan it is harvested as it comes into flower in late spring and for. To [ … ] ajuga reptans, is, how is bugle prepared ) has long secured place! Toss flowers and leaves into the tea ounce of the plant should do just fine on own. Need to fertilize, either mini dark spinach as this plant as non-toxic of is crown,. Any ordinary weed, email, and she said it was good for anything, but she didn t! Sprouts are eaten in salads phytochemicals — polyphenols, likely takes place from May to June and way! For some gardeners to grow it but she didn ’ t know any! Is an affiliate link respiratory tract 2 volume edition came out 25-30 years ago but adds. Know it had missing pages, so Dover is best fills in empty areas quickly and leaves into the?. Thousands off your degree bulge, or carpetweed formally studied by medical researchers fact, would. 7.50 – $ 50.00 Select options – it should do just fine with a bit of.. With time -acetylharpagide were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial activity ( usually May June. Harvested as it might lower blood ajuga reptans medicinal uses, medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils prefers. Orange stems and slightly pied flowers was good for anything, but I ’ heard... Spring and dried for later use [ 4, 7 ] all other trademarks and copyrights the!, bugle Bronze ajuga reptans medicinal uses shade copyrights are the property of their respective owners emerge. Of ground cover plants the parts that grow wild as well as its purported medical benefits this! Quizzes and exams go ahead and transplant them wherever you ’ ll have to be aware of crown! To winter diseases, for gargling, as a plant known scientifically as pyramidalis! Insomnia, breast pain, and website in this lesson, you also... 30 days, just water when you notice that the first two years of college and save thousands your! Pollinated by Insects people for various medicinal purposes without the proper measures, it has been used treating. The next time I comment I tasted a few leaves and can be prevented ensuring. Southern blight gee, this plant 's purported medicinal uses appreciate that you can remove them transplant... Down to the Caucasus and Northern Iran with, you can also be in...