Nat Turner, (born October 2, 1800, Southampton county, Virginia, U.S.—died November 11, 1831, Jerusalem, Virginia), Black American slave who led the only effective, sustained slave rebellion (August 1831) in U.S. history. The state executed 56 black people, and militias killed at least 100 more. With the support of six other men, Nat was responsible for the death of 55 slave owners and others. This single number could reshape our climate future. Turner fell sick, however, and that date passed. Taught to read by the son of his owner, Turner studied Christianity which he interpreted as condemning slavery. A string of recent events has brought the leader of an 1831 slave rebellion back into the news. Nat Turner (born October 2, 1800) led a successful and bloody slave revolt, driven by his own religious visions. Nat Turner was born October 2, 1800 on a plantation in Southampton County, Virginia. He recounts in his confession (published as The Confessions of Nat Turner) that even when he … AFTERMATH. Nat Turner’s Revolt, launched in southern Virginia in August 1831, attempted to overthrow the slave regime that had dominated Chesapeake society for more … Following the … The story of Nat Turner, the slave and preacher who led a failed 1831 rebellion, is surrounded by mystery and speculation as to his motives and the role that faith played in … Some historians believe Gray took liberties with his pamphlet and it may not represent an accurate portrayal of Turner. There’s a plaque noting the rebellion happened, but those who see Nat Turner as a hero believe that just as the Confederate memorials stand to benefit descendants of southern soldiers, it is only fair that descendants of the enslaved should have a place to pay homage to figures like Nat Turner, who gave his life to fight for their freedom. His rebellion showed the nation that African Americans had a strong voice, especially when they were working together to exterminate slavery and make people realize that slaves are "people" too. His mother was a slave and it is believed that his father had escaped to freedom. Nancy, his mother, was brought to America in 1795 because of a terrible insurrection raging down on the French island of Santo Domingo in the Caribbean, she was purchased by a man named Benjamin Turner who was a very wealthy man. Nat Turner led one of the first and largest rebellions against slavery. All rights reserved, now on display in the new National Museum of African American History and Culture. Click to see full answer Similarly, you may ask, what happened after Nat Turner's rebellion? His Confessions were published not long after his execution. Photograph by Everett Collection Historical, Alamy. The Nat Turner rebellion. IMPACT. In 1821, Turner ran away from his master, Samuel Turner, but came back after a month because he had a vision in which he was told to return. It is rumored that after Nat Turner was hanged, he was then decapitated, quartered, and skinned. Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Virginia. Nat Turner’s Rebellion was an intensely violent episode that broke out in August 1831 when enslaved people in southeastern Virginia rose up against white residents of the area. Adolescents are being tested now. Turner escaped and hid in the woods for two months until he was captured and taken to the jailhouse in the county seat of Jerusalem, today the town of Courtland, Virginia. How ancient astronomy mixed science with mythology, Video Story, Why mapping Mars completely changed how we see it, Video Story, How these feuding map-makers shaped our fascination with Mars, Video Story, Copyright © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, Copyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Increased the prevalence of Protestantism among African Americans Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a rebellion of enslaved Virginians that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. After his arrest, Turner was taken to the seat of Southampton County, a small town called Jerusalem (present-day Courtland, Virginia). Nat Turner’s rebellion was groundbreaking at the time. Can carbon capture make flying more sustainable? Even when Nat Turner was captured, on October 30, 1831, the Compiler’s question had remained unanswered. What happened to Nat Turner? The rebels killed between 55 and 65 people, at least 51 of whom were white. THE NAT TURNER PROJECT. “I discovered drops of blood on the corn as though it were dew from heaven.”. Nat Turner’s rebellion in 1831 frightened Southerners because it challenged the idea that enslavement was a benevolent institution. Several had heard reports or read newspaper articles stating that the skull had been donated to former mayor Hatcher at a 2002 charity gala for the Civil … How the world’s largest rhino population dropped by 70 percent—in a decade, Pets are helping us cope during the pandemic—but that may be stressing them out, Same force behind Texas deep freeze could drive prolonged heat waves. Sentenced to death, but innocent: These are stories of justice gone wrong. Six days after his capture, he stood trial and was convicted of “conspiring to rebel and making insurrection.” Sentenced to death, Turner was hanged from a … Although there is no evidence of the fact, it is believed he married a slave girl called Cherry during this period. IMPACT. In Virginia, strict laws were passed to further limit the right of blacks to gather. Click to see full answer Similarly, you may ask, what happened after Nat Turner's rebellion? HOME. On November 5, 1831, he was sentenced to death for "conspiring to rebel and make insurrection." 1830 watercolor by William Goodacre . He bought it. The new film presents Turner as a patriot. Nat Turner. His declaration was taken by Dr. Thomas Ruffin Gray. A religious leader and self-styled Baptist minister, Turner and a group of followers killed some sixty white men, women, and children on the night of August 21. Turner also began … Read MoreNat Turner (1800-1831) By August 23, the revolt was suppressed and his followers were apprehended. Nat Turner: Nat Turner was a slave preacher who believed that he was called to lead a slave uprising. How did evangelicalism influence racial relations in the U.S. South? The United States has reached a grim milestone—the moment when half a million Americans have lost their lives to the coronavirus. Turner, a preacher who always had a Bible on him, and his band of slaves killed at least 55 white people in southern Virginia. HOME. Turner, Nat 1800–1831. Around August 13, he witnessed a second atmospheric disturbance in which the sun appeared bluish green from volcanic dust in the air. Sign up for more inspiring photos, stories, and special offers from National Geographic. Early on, he interpreted that the Bible said that slaves should remain subservient to their earthly masters, but a series of prophetic visions changed his views. The Confessions of Nat Turner, the Leader of the Late Insurrection in Southampton, Va. Interview with Sharon Ewell Foster regarding her recent research on Turner. However, the law of the land did not recognize marriages between slaves and therefore, it did not have any legal or religious sanctity. He lived his entire life in the Southampton, Virginia, where he was born into slavery. The group traveled from farm to farm, slaughtering whites and freeing blacks. With the support of six other men, Nat was responsible for the death of 55 slave owners and others. 1800 This month, Richard Hatcher, a former mayor of Gary, Ind., delivered what researchers suspect is the skull of Nat Turner, the rebel slave, to Turner’s descendants. Over the next two days they killed at least 55 whites. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution, Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nat_Turner%27s_slave_rebellion&oldid=1007940982#Nat_Turner, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2021, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with trivia sections from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Approximately 160 killed or executed by militia and mobs, In 2012, the small Bible that belonged to Turner was donated to the, Robert Hayden, 'The Ballad of Nat Turner', in. In one case a severed head was put on display at a Southampton County crossroad. Many of the enslaved chose not to join the revolt, and some even fought to protect their masters. In 1831, a slave rebellion led by #NatTurner shook the South to its core. Nat Turner “would certainly be remembered better by history if he had limited the killing to adult males or just white adults. Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, to an enslaved woman named Nancy, who was captured from West Africa. But can we make room for them? “For us, what was most interesting is the story of Nat Turner and this piece of American history that should be discussed in classrooms,” Cooper tells 60 Minutes Overtime’s Ann Silvio. Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Virginia. After Benjamin's son Samuel G. Turner, married in 1809, Benjamin informally transferred several of his slaves to Samuel, including Nat, his mother Nancy, his … In a religious vision he experienced in May 1828, Turner felt a call to combat the "Serpent" of slavery. This serves as the main historical record of who Nat Turner the man may have been. Visualizing 500,000 deaths from COVID-19 in the U.S. A lemur died from tuberculosis. Nat was born in 1800 in Virginia. Taught to read by the son of his owner, Turner studied Christianity which he interpreted as condemning slavery. Dozens of slaves were arrested, but some were acquitted, and some were convicted and sentenced to death by judges. These 6 numbers define the climate challenge in a changing U.S. Sacred Native American land to be traded to a foreign mining giant, How do we know what ancient Greek warriors wore for battle? In the year 1807, Cherry was believed to be about 11 years old. “Nat Turner saw it … ‘I don’t even know if my home still exists.’, Old-fashioned images evoke the complicated history of Black military service, This ruthless African king knew Rome was for sale. Though he was sentenced to death, Nat Turner's resistance to slavery remains relevant to this day. On February 12, 1831, Turner saw a solar eclipse. Person and Noah and Brooke Porter. The Confessions of Nat Turner, a novel by William Styron, was published in 1967 and won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1968.The title character is based on the historical Nat Turner, a slave preacher and self-styled prophet who, in August 1831, led the only successful slave revolt in Virginia’s history, which in just twelve hours left fifty-five white people in Southampton County … B. Can things change? More. Having learned to read at an early age, he was considered an intellectual at the time, as it was highly frowned upon to teach slaves to read. As a result, a white lawyer, Thomas R. Gray, arranged to go to the jail where Turner … Many innocent people who had nothing to do with the insurrection were killed as a result of this campaign. After seeing a solar eclipse in February 1831, Turner … The rebellion was put down within a few days, but Turner survived in hiding for more than two months afterwards. “I had a vision … I saw white and black spirits engaged in battle, and the sun was darkened … the thunder rolled in the heavens and flowed in the streams,” Gray quotes Turner as saying in "The Confessions of Nat Turner." Nat Turner Time Period 8/21/1831 - 8/23/1831 Description Nat Turner, a Baptist convert who preached to both whites and blacks, led the deadliest slave rebellion in United States history. She was older than Nat. During a two-day rampage, more than 50 whites were killed, mostly by being stabbed or hacked to death. Follow the Path of the Rebels. Nat Turner is known for leading Nat Turner's slave rebellion (Southampton Insurrection). Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Virginia, the week before Gabriel was hanged. Nat Turner’s Revolt, which had taken place just five days earlier, had left more than 50 whites dead; by the time the trials finished, a similar … Take to the air with a drone, These World’s Fair sites reveal a history of segregation. All rights reserved. Nat Turner was born on October 17, 1800 in South Hampton county, Virginia. This month, Richard Hatcher, a former mayor of Gary, Ind., delivered what researchers suspect is the skull of Nat Turner, the rebel slave, to Turner’s descendants. Thomas R. Gray’s Confessions of Nat Turner became the source for the 1967 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name by another white writer, William Styron. The man called Nat Turner, born Oct. 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Va., never accepted that name. His legacy is still debated, and even more so today, with Turner’s Bible now on display in the new National Museum of African American History and Culture and the release of the feature film The Birth of a Nation, chronicling Turner’s life and revolt. The U.S. commits to tripling its protected lands. Grizzlies are coming back. The next great whiskey trail is not where you think it is. And his descendants and the descendants of survivors of the revolt are back in the news debating the legacy. In its wake, the grip of the slaveholders tightened even further. But Turner’s story is now undergoing a resurgence. Desperate to regain control in the wake of the rebellion, white militias unleashed a wave of violence and intimidation against both enslaved and free blacks throughout the region. In a religious vision he experienced in May 1828, Turner felt a call to combat the "Serpent" of slavery. SETTING. The Keystone XL pipeline is dead. WATCH: Rick Francis describes how his ancestor Lavinia Francis escaped the fate of other slave owners during Nat Turner's revolt. This vibrant sanctuary underscores the stakes. This is a new era, and we are in the midst of the most important crisis that our country has yet witnessed.…Every eye is now turned towards the south, looking for another Nat Turner." Turner's Rebellion was planned and carried out by a black army, which served as a wake up call to many whites across the United States. He was famous for using extreme violence as a way to push for change. Nat Turner was a slave-turned-preacher in the early 19th century. For years he waited for a sign from God to begin the fight for freedom. Photograph by Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture; Gift of Maurice A. Is this Nat Turner's skull? Of the four free blacks brought to trial, one was executed and the other three found not guilty. Has the electric car’s moment arrived at last? Years of archaeological research now suggest that Neolithic Britons lugged massive elements of the iconic monument from far-flung reaches of the island. THE NAT TURNER PROJECT. Bruce Turner, Nat Turner’s great great great grandson, views what happened in this these hills as a battle for basic human rights. Turner, Nat 1800–1831. Turner eluded capture for two months by hiding out in the woods. His wisdom and natural orating skills led him to become a respected preacher among the surrounding slave community. In the wake of the rebellion, states passed laws making it illegal to teach African-Americans … Why did vaccine manufacturers wait to study them? To this day, the street located outside Courtland, Virginia, bears the name Blackhead Signpost Road. It's in 'The Iliad.'. In 1831 a slave named Nat Turner led a rebellion in Southhampton County, Virginia. The volume remains controversial as its Caucasian author takes on the voice of the black slave preacher turned revolutionary and steeps it with a fevered sexual obsession for white women. Nat Turner was born into slavery on October 2, 1800, on the Benjamin Turner family plantation in Southampton County, Virginia. Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831.Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed anywhere from 55 to 65 people, the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the American South.The rebellion was put down within a few days, but Turner … Nat Turner was caught by farmer Benjamin Phillips on October 30, 1831, he surrendered without any conflict and was imprisoned in country jail. This sacred book belonged to the leader of a brutal slave rebellion and was confiscated in 1831, when he was captured. Turner's Rebellion was planned and carried out by a black army, which served as a wake up call to many whites across the United States. Nat Turner is widely regarded as one of the most complex figures in American history and American literature. Please be respectful of copyright. August 22, 2016 9:05 AM EDT. The group ate a meal and took a vow to kill all slave owners they encountered, including women and children. Trouble lurks for Afghanistan’s beloved ‘goat grabbing’ national sport, The origins of the filibuster—and how it came to exasperate the U.S. Senate, Watch the first-ever video of a spacecraft landing on Mars, The eccentric scientist behind the ‘gold standard’ COVID-19 test, Why kids need their own COVID-19 vaccine trials, WHO approves AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine for emergency use globally, Success! Here’s how it could be done. REVOLT. Art depicts Nat Turner and his companions planning their slave rebellion, which would kill at least 55 people in Virginia and inspire an ongoing debate over Turner's legacy. October marks the anniversary both of his birth and of his arrest as the leader of one of the United States' most famous slave rebellions. Executed c. Sold into slavery in the Caribbean d. His body was never found. Copyright © 1996-2015 National Geographic SocietyCopyright © 2015-2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. In, Nat Turner Project: A Digital Archive of historical sources related to Nat Turner and the Southampton County slave revolt of 1831, This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 18:53. ‘It really is like flying.’ Explore wild skating on nature’s ice, The legendary community that fought for its freedom in Jamaica, Why this salty Massachusetts coastal town hooks artists, Families are leading a new wave for Black travelers, Winter is prime time for watching bald eagles—here’s how, As Lunar New Year approaches, many Asians worry about future journeys, Want dreamy winter photos? The group never made it to Jerusalem and within two days were scattered and captured by the local militia. 1830 watercolor by William Goodacre . Throughout his life, Turner would look to the Bible to better understand the reason behind the enslavement of his people. On August 21, 1831, Turner led a small army that used axes, hatchets, knives, and muskets to kill 55 white Virginians. He started a revolt among the black slave followers to free their brother on several plantations. Turner also began … Read MoreNat Turner (1800-1831) REVOLT. His rebellion showed the nation that African Americans had a strong voice, especially when they were working together to exterminate slavery and make people realize that slaves are "people" too. What happened to Nat Turner? These visions convinced Turner that it was his destiny to unite black men and women, both enslaved and free, to overthrow their masters. The rebellion was led by Nat Turner, a slave from Southampton, one of the few southern counties where black Americans were the majority. Laws Passed . SETTING. Unauthorized use is prohibited. After living as a slave for thirty-one years, he led the most significant rebellion in the history of American slavery. This in-demand plant is evolving to hide from its predator—humans, These widely used insecticides may be a threat to mammals too, Oil drilling on sensitive New Mexico public lands puts drinking water, rare caves at risk. As more people are fully vaccinated, certain activities will become less risky, but experts still recommend holding on to precautions for the near future. More than 130 years after its discovery, this moth was finally photographed alive, The world’s biggest owl is endangered—but it’s not too late to save it, Lasers, cannons, effigies: The surprising science of shooing vultures away. Nat Turner was a renowned African-American known for leading the 1831 slave rebellion to free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia, after being subjected to slavery himself. Much of our knowledge of Turner comes from Courtland. Nat Turner was an African-American slave preacher in Virginia who led the bloodiest slave rebellion in American history. Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Virginia, the week before Gabriel was hanged. When his owner died, he became property of the owner’s son. This would have been done in an attempt to crush Turner’s legacy and prevent him from being exalted as a martyr. Nat Turner, Prophet Turner was enslaved from his birth on Oct. 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Va., on enslaver Benjamin Turner’s farm. More. Upon seeing this "sign," Turner discussed his plans with four other slaves, and they set the date for July 4. After living as a slave for thirty-one years, he led the most significant rebellion in the history of American slavery. In speeches and writings, enslavers portrayed themselves not so much as ruthless businessmen exploiting a people for their labor but as kind and well-intentioned enslavers tutoring Black people in civilization and religion. Transcribe", "Up From Slavery: A Documentary History of Negro Education", "Education from LVA: Deed of Manumission", "Considering William and Mary's History with Slavery: The Case of President Thomas R. Dew", "Nat Turner's Insurrection: An account of America's bloodiest slave revolt, and its repercussions", "The Trust for Public Land Celebrates Groundbreaking at Nat Turner Park", "Descendants of Va. family donate Nat Turner's Bible to museum", "Hosanna Santa invoked and woke up enslaved individuals from Southampton to Chatham Manor", "Unfortunate Son: The roots of Tupac Shakur's rebellion", "Nat Turner play at Forum Theatre gives the rebel the high ground", Nat Turner's Revolt: Rebellion and Response in Southampton County, Virginia, Works by or about Nat Turner's slave rebellion. Laws Passed . Nearly 5,000 sea turtles rescued from freezing waters on Texas island, Selfie-taking tourists risk giving wild gorillas COVID-19, other diseases, Monkeys still forced to pick coconuts in Thailand despite controversy, A black-footed ferret has been cloned, a first for a U.S. endangered species. On August 21, Turner met with a group of fellow conspirators in the swampy woodlands around Cabin Pond. Nat Turner's Bible This sacred book belonged to the leader of a brutal slave rebellion and was confiscated in 1831, when he was captured. After his arrest, Turner was taken to the seat of Southampton County, a small town called Jerusalem (present-day Courtland, Virginia). Between his trial and execution, he was interviewed by lawyer Thomas Ruffin Gray. After the revolt in Southampton, communities and state legislatures across the South considered the implementation of new, harsher restrictions against enslaved and free African Americans. AFTERMATH. Some historians think Gray took personal liberties with how he presented Turner, and they believe the authenticity of the pamphlet may be compromised. Thomas Ruffin Gray's "The Confessions of Nat Turner" was based on an interview Gray conducted with Turner before Turner was killed. Why did it fail? Nat Turner was a slave-turned-preacher in the early 19th century. Nathaniel “Nat” Turner was born in Southampton County, Virginia on October 2, 1800, the son of slaves owned by Benjamin Turner, a prosperous farmer. Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831.Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed anywhere from 55 to 65 people, the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the American South.The rebellion was put down within a few days, but Turner … As a youth I read his controversial biography ‘The Confessions of Nat Turner’ and am still saddened and enraged by what happened nearly 200 years ago. Benjamin Turner was Nat Turner’s master from the time Nat was born in 1800 to around 1807. Another estimate was that 120 blacks were killed, most of whom were not involved with the rebellion. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/nat-turner-4019.php Stereotypes have fueled a tourism boom in Europe’s icy North. Now what? What happened as a result of Nat Turner's rebellion? Several had heard reports or read newspaper articles stating that the skull had been donated to former mayor Hatcher at a 2002 charity gala for the Civil … Reconstruction offered a glimpse of equality for Black Americans. Virginia State Capitol, Richmond. Nat Turner, (born October 2, 1800, Southampton county, Virginia, U.S.—died November 11, 1831, Jerusalem, Virginia), black American slave who led the only effective, sustained slave rebellion (August 1831) in U.S. history. Never made it to Jerusalem and within two days they killed at 55... A slave-turned-preacher in the news debating the legacy of Nat Turner the man Nat. Disturbance in which the sun appeared bluish green from volcanic dust in the early century... Enslavement was a slave-turned-preacher in the history of American slavery equality for black Americans wake! C. Sold into slavery 1831 a slave named Nat Turner was born October 2, 1800, Southampton. 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