The workers are often the people who have the fullest knowledge of what happens during work, and their views should be sought on what leads to exposure and the effectiveness of control. In general terms, control banding (CB) is a qualitative or semi-quantitative risk assessment and management approach used to determine prevention and control measures based on the so-called “band” of hazards and exposures. To effectively control and prevent hazards, employers should: Involve workers, who often have the best understanding of the conditions that create hazards and insights into how they can be controlled. Workplace control of exposure must be integrated with other measures, such as control of emissions to the atmosphere and waterways, and waste disposal, so that all these measures work together. Where workers are represented by a Health and Safety Representative (HSR), this HSR must be involved in the consultation process. Hazard Control Hierarchy. Static electricity can also pose hazards. Occupational accidents and diseases cause great human suffering and loss and the economic cost is also high.Prevention is the guiding principle for occupational safety and health (OSH) legislation in the EU. any process using abrasive blasting, such removal of paint and rust, cleaning of buildings and small objects, and etching of glass (N.B., use of sand for these processes is often unnecessary, and if uncontrolled can cause serious health impairment, and even fatalities, among the operators, even in a few months); handling of powdered chemicals in the chemical, pesticide, rubber manufacturing and pharmaceutical industries; agricultural work involving exposure to soil, intensive animal husbandry, dry vegetable products, or agro-chemicals; food processing, especially where flour is used; any process involving weighing, bagging, bag-emptying or dry transport of powdered or friable materials. It is important to know that the prevention controls only act against potential threats, as the recovery controls only mitigate the potential consequences after the top event … The manner in which a worker performs a task can appreciably affect exposure, so it is important to train workers in good work practices. The order of priority should be to: It is essential to adequately plan for supervision and maintenance, in order to ensure that controls are used and continue to be effective. The evaluation strategy and methods should be those laid down by this authority. Controlling exposures to occupational hazards is the fundamental method of protecting workers. Workers should be involved in the hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control processes. Preventive measures include good housekeeping to prevent build-up of dust deposits, prevention of ignition, provision of explosion relief valves, dusting with non-flammable dusts, and confinement in low-oxygen environments. Prevention and control measures should not be applied in an ad hoc manner, but integrated into comprehensive, well-managed and sustainable programmes at the workplace level, involving management, workers, production and occupational health professionals. Effective design is difficult, because the flow of air into the opening must be sufficient to prevent escape of the airborne material, including when people move across the opening. A written workplace hazard control program should outline which methods are being used to control the exposure and how these controls will be monitored for effectiveness. As in the workplace, the first priority is to prevent the generation of airborne dust, and, if generation cannot be prevented, then secondly, its removal. Controlling exposures to worksite hazards is the fundamental method of protecting workers on a construction site. The recommended practices use a proactive approach to managing workplace safety and health. The level of training and information of the workforce should also be assessed. Areas where there is a need for the use of PPE or other precautions should be clearly indicated by warning signs. Often, but not always, the workers involved may be able to say where and when dust is emitted. Particles with an aerodynamic diameter > 10 µm are very unlikely to reach the gas-exchange region of the lung, but below that size, the proportion reaching the gas exchange region increases down to about 2 m. As a matter of social justice, human suffering related to work is unacceptable. Hazards take many forms: air contaminants, tasks involving repetitive motions, equipment with moving parts or openings that can catch body parts or clothing, microorganisms, extreme heat or cold, noise, toxic liquids, and more. 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